Sprain & Football
What is a Sprained Ankle?
The damage of soft tissue and ligaments surrounding the ankle
is what causes a sprained ankle. The position of the bones
around the ankle makes it very susceptible to inversion injury
where the ankle becomes twisted inwards.
Inversion injury is also possible where the ankle becomes
twisted outwards. Due to excessive twisting, lateral ligaments
outside the ankle are overstretched or damaged. Sprained ankles
are common among footballers.
The Anterior Talo Fibular ligament or
ATF is the most common ligament involved in a sprained ankle
since it attaches both the fibular bone and talus bone. The
Calcaneo Fibular ligament which attaches the Calcaneus and
Fibula becomes involved and damaged if the force or trauma
to the ankle is greater. The Posterior Talo Fibular or PTF
ligament is involved if the force or trauma is very severe.
Sprained ankles are categorized according to
the extent and severity of the damage.
First degree ankle sprains
involve only a few damaged ligament fibres. Mild or moderate
pain is experienced by the footballer upon turning or touching
the affected ankle.
Second degree ankle sprains
involve more damage to the ligament as well as pain and swelling
in the area which hinders normal walking.
Third degree ankle sprains
involve swelling, dislocation of the joint as well as rupture
of the ligament completely. The ankle may appear deformed.
Bone injury is not uncommon during very severe trauma. Avulsion
fracture may occur. An avulsion fracture occurs when a ligament
or tendon attached to a bone pulls away a piece (fragment)
of the bone.
During the initial stages, ice packs applied
for twenty minutes every two hours can be very helpful in
alleviating pain and swelling. Reusable plastic cast walkers
and ankle supports also provide a similar effect as well as
For second and third degree sprained ankles,
it is recommended that individuals use crutches to avoid putting
too much pressure on the affected joints.
Reusable ice packs for ankle sprains
Throughout the treatment regimen, individuals
will be asked to practice walking to resume normal functioning
and strength of the ligament.
Recurrent sprained ankles can indicate chronic and internal
weakness in which surgery is required.
Ultrasound is one of the common diagnostic procedures
before surgery. With the use of a small camera inserted into
the ankle, bone flakes and scar tissues can be removed to
permanently remove pain and stabilize the joint.
Insoles are ideal to prevent ankle sprains while playing
5 Star Rating
Dr Foot Sport Insoles are engineered to combat
over pronation and provide greater stability and maximum support.
Ideal for patients seeking arch support for prevention and
treatment of ankle sprains.
Dr Foot Sports Insoles
Proprioception exercises are very effective
since these help individuals practice their balance when doing
strenuous physical activities. The joint becomes more stabilized
through increased awareness and response by the person. Wobble
boards and ankle braces are common tools used to improve overall
strength, reflex and stability of the ankle joint. Taping
and bracing the ankle are also very effective methods which
reinforce the joint during sports.
Football Rescue Recommends
Ankle strapping is intended to strengthen the internal and
external ligaments which hold the tibio-fubular mortise (ankle
joint) in place. These supports stimulate a strapping technique.
The flexible straps are fitted beneath the heel, in the direction
of the joint and push from the bottom to the top which locks
the ankle tendons.
Lateral movement (twisting the ankle towards the outside)
is prohibited and other movements remain intact. A fine perforated
neoprene allows transpiration. These supports are ideal for
footballers that suffer from twisting the ankle joint.
Darco Pro Walker
If you have a severe ankle sprain (it is not possible to
put any weight on your ankle) or a fracture of the ankle we
would recommend the Darco Pro Walker
Removable cast protection and support for foot fractures and