Tendonitis & Football
Overview of the Achilles Tendon
The Achilles tendon is located just above the
heel which is the continuation of the Gastrocnemius and Soleus
calf muscles. It forms the lower part of the calf and attaches
to the bone of the heel. It functions to produce force in
the calf muscles in order for individuals to effectively walk
or run. It is the strongest and largest of the tendons in
the human body since it can actually support individuals’
full body weight and more.
What is Achilles Tendonitis?
Achilles Tendinopathy or Achilles Tendonitis is characterized by pain in the Achilles tendon which
radiates to the lower calf and heel. It is a common medical
condition among footballers since the tendon is used frequently
resulting to wear and tear. The tendon experiences degeneration
which is also called tendonosis.
Achilles Tendonosis is one of the primary manifestations
of Achilles Tendinopathy wherein small lesions inside the
tendon are present but the tissues are not inflamed. If the
tissues are inflamed, the condition is known as Tendonitis.
The lesions reduce overall strength and stability
of the Achilles tendon and chances are that it could rupture
with more activity. Tendonitis is more common among footballers
and can range among individuals with varying ages.
The usual symptom of Achilles Tendinopathy is
pain which becomes more severe during physical activity. The
area may also be sensitive to touch and feels stiff after
lying down for a long period. The affected tendon can also
appear larger compared to the other unaffected one. Compared
to Achilles Paratendinopathy, Achilles Tendinopathy patients
experience pain when moving the ankle up and down. The Achilles
Paratendon does not move during ankle movement.
For pain and swelling, ice packs and Achilles
strap help a lot in controlling inflammation. A medical doctor
and physical therapist will provide medications that should
be taken to reduce inflammation. Strengthening and rehabilitative
exercises should be done after the initial acute stage.
If all else fails than surgical intervention may be necessary.
Surgery may be indicated to remove the degenerated areas of
the tendon and restore the tendon to optimum tensile strength.
It takes about three to six months before the individual can
resume physical activities and sports.
Running activities and other sports which put
a toll on the Achilles tendon should be monitored and controlled
in order to ensure that the tendon has fully recovered before
the next session. Stretching and strengthening exercises are
crucial to keep the tendon stabilized and strong. It is a
good idea to wear shock-absorbent insoles
or to run on low-impact ground like grass to minimize pressure
on the Achilles tendon.
the Pro Stretch helps you stretch the achilles tendon
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Other Treatment Options
Heel Pad, £25